Buddhism and Jainism

Son Bhandar group of caves has two caves known as eastern and western cave. Son bhandar caves are concerned with Jainism and considered to belong to century AD. These caves were first inspected by Cunninghum and he concluded to have analogy with Saptaparni Cave of Buddhism creed. After Cunninghum several scholars visited this place and some had opinion to concern with Buddhism. After some time all Buddhism connections were refused because of an inscription found on the southern wall of a cave. According to this inscription these caves were built by inspiration of a Jain Muni Vair for Jain ascetics.

Jowo Rinpoche, Jokhang Temple, Tibet

Birushana Nyorai was one of the earliest Buddhist deities to arrive in Japan in the 6th and 7th centuries AD. In some sects, Birushana is considered to be the reward-body of Shakyamuni Buddha , the Historical Buddha. In others, Birushana represents the true Buddha body, the spiritual body of Buddha-truth, which is akin to light pervading the entire universe.

The historical Buddha responded to this kind of situation in northeastern India. He was a renouncer and an ascetic, although the style of renunciation and asceticism he practiced and recommended was, it seems, mild by Indian standards.

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Death of the historical Buddha.

Archaeologists may have uncovered evidence of the oldest Buddhist shrine yet discovered, dating to around B. In the study, the international archaeology team reports digging beneath existing brick structures at the shrine, which is visited yearly by hundreds of thousands of pilgrims. The layout of that more recent shrine duplicates the layout of the earlier wooden structures, pointing to a continuity of Buddhist worship at the site, Coningham says.

Date Event c. BCE or c. BCE: The Birth of Siddhartha approximate date of Gautama Buddha’s birth and death are uncertain. Most historians in the early 20th century dated his lifetime as circa BCE to BCE.

As well as in the realms of government and religion, the short-lived Sukhothai Kingdom marked a golden period for art and architecture. King Ramkhamhaeng the Great — , the second ruling monarch of the Phra Ruang dynasty, established the Ceylonese school of Theravada Buddhism as the state religion, set up an administrative system and documented Thai alphabets from ancient Khmer scripts. Ceylonese style, bell-shaped stupas grew to become a common sight at Buddhist temples across the kingdom.

After King Ramkhamhaeng, Sukhothai slowly entered a period of decline, beginning onwards. By the mid-fifteenth century, Sukhothai was fully annexed by the Ayutthaya Kingdom. Highlights and Features Wat Mahathat: The temple architecture, however, is resolutely Sukhothai, with the lotus-bud principal chedi, instead of the Khmer corn-shaped prang, surrounded by smaller bell-shaped chedis built on square bases Khmer style. Wat Mahathat is perhaps the most photographed temple in Sukhothai Historical Park, often depicted from its eastern front, with its giant seated Buddha image behind rows of half-collapsed columns.

Wat Phra Pai Luang: Set on the original site where the Sukhothai Kingdom was founded, this temple showcases a combination of Khmer and Lopburi architecture, dating back to the early 13th century, when Sukhothai was undergoing transformations from ancient Khmer-Hinduism to Theravada Buddhism. All but one of the three centrepiece corn-shaped prangs have long collapsed.

East of the prangs is the square-based chedi, believed to have served a highly significant spiritual role. All three prangs are still standing, although some of the details in the decorations may have fallen off. No one knows what this secret passage was used for.

7 Buddhism Facts that Will Surprise You

I lost a lot of my blogging mojo when Moving Blogging Here Jul 6, I just announced over on openbuddha. This post is rather heavy with the use of Flash to show videos.

Without the “historical” Buddha, Buddhism wouldn’t exist. This may seem like stating the obvious, but is it really? If the Buddha hadn’t existed, perhaps he would have been invented , whatever the facts might be, the life of the Buddha as it comes down to us is largely fabrication.

Philosophy professor and Buddhist practitioner Stephen Asma, for example, writes that there was “supposedly” one Jesus who lived and taught in Galilee, while there was a “historically real man” who walked the northern Indian landscape and became the Buddha. While both men certainly lived and taught, we can know the details of the life and teachings of Jesus with far more certainty than those of Buddha. Indeed, there is truly no comparison.

Jesus The narrative of the life of Jesus, including a large collection of His public teachings and private discourses, comes to us in greatest detail in the four biographies known today as the canonical gospels. No serious scholar would disagree that they were written in the first century AD, and therefore within decades of Jesus’ death and within the lifetime of those who were alive during Jesus’ ministry. Luke opens his gospel explaining: The Gospel of Luke itself a very early source openly professes to be a compilation of these very early and carefully preserved testimonies.

The four canonical Gospels are distinct witnesses that together represent the culmination of this effort to preserve Jesus’ life and teachings carefully and accurately in writing from the very beginning. The rest of the New Testament was also written down during this eyewitness generation and further testifies to many of the things Jesus said and did. Even liberal scholars would date Paul’s earliest letters as being written within 20 years of Jesus’ death. We see references to His specific teachings, for example, those on marriage and divorce 1 Corinthians 7: We find an account of the night before Jesus was betrayed when He instituted communion 1 Corinthians We are told of the involvement of the Jews in Jesus’ wrongful death 1 Thessalonians 2: Paul sometimes even quoted Jesus’ very words verbatim, such as “the worker is worthy of his wages,” 1 Timothy 5:

The “Historical” Jesus?

Cooking the Buddhist books: Retrieved Nov 11 from https: Bareau’s Les premiers conciles bouddhiques and my own “A Review of Scholarship on the Buddhist Councils,” carefully detail all the specific events of the first, second, and third councils, as well as the non-canonical council which occurred between the second and third council, and which was the occasion for the beginning of Buddhist sectarianism. Further work by Janice Nattier and me refined Bareau’s presumptions in Les sects bouddhiques du petit vehicule, and offered what has now become the definitive statement of the beginnings of Buddhist sectarianism, arguing that the initial sanghabheda focused solely on matters of Vinaya, but rather than representing disciplinary laxity on the part of the future Mahasamghikas, resulted from attempted Vinaya expansion on the part of the future Sthaviras “Mahasamghika” Bechert had become convinced that the widely accepted dating of the historical Buddha, placing his life between and B.

The “Historical” Jesus? The following article is excerpted from: Suns of God: Krishna, Buddha and Christ Unveiled. When were the gospels written? With their absence in Justin Martyr’s works, we remain with the dating of the gospels to the last quarter of the second century. The Gospel Dates. When scrutinized, the Pauline epistles do not.

Blomberg, The Case for Christ 26 Because of the lack of original texts, it has been very difficult to date the canonical gospels as to when they were written or even when they first emerge in the historical record, as these two dates may differ. According to this scholarship, the gospels must have been written after the devastation because they refer to it. However, conservative believers maintain the early dates and assert that the destruction of the temple and Judea mentioned in the gospels constitutes “prophecy,” demonstrating Jesus’s divine powers.

The substantiation for this early, first-century range of dates, both conservative and liberal, is internal only, as there is no external evidence, whether historical or archaeological, for the existence of any gospels at that time. Nevertheless, fundamentalist Christian apologists such as Norman Geisler make misleading assertions such as that “many of the original manuscripts date from within twenty to thirty years of the events in Jesus’ life, that is, from contemporaries and eyewitnesses.

Moreover, even the latest of the accepted gospel dates are not based on evidence from the historical, literary or archaeological record, and over the centuries a more “radical” school of thought has placed the creation or emergence of the canonical gospels as we have them at a much later date, more towards the end of the second century. Anonymous and Pseudonymous Authors Based on the dating difficulties and other problems, many scholars and researchers over the centuries have become convinced that the gospels were not written by the people to whom they are ascribed.

As can be concluded from the remarks of fundamentalist Christian and biblical scholar Dr. Blomberg, the gospels are in fact anonymous. In reality, it was a fairly common practice in ancient times to attribute falsely to one person a book or letter written by another or others, and this pseudepigraphical attribution of authorship was especially rampant with religious texts, occurring with several Old Testament figures and early Church fathers, for example, as well as with known forgeries in the name of characters from the New Testament such as the Gospel of Peter, et al.

In actuality, there were gospels composed in the name of every apostle, including Thomas, Bartholomew and Phillip, but these texts are considered “spurious” and unauthorized. Although it would be logical for all those directly involved with Jesus to have recorded their own memoirs, is it not odd that there are so many bogus manuscripts? What does it all mean?

When Did the Buddha Live the Controversy on the Dating of the Historical Buddha

This is the first archaeological material linking the life of the Buddha — and thus the first flowering of Buddhism — to a specific century. Laid out on the same design as those above it, the timber structure contains an open space in the center that links to the nativity story of the Buddha himself. Until now, the earliest archaeological evidence of Buddhist structures at Lumbini dated no earlier than the third century B.

Some scholars, he said, have maintained that the Buddha was born in the third century B.

The Historical Buddha. This is the currently selected item. Beliefs made visible: Buddhist art in South Asia. Christianity, an introduction for the study of art history. Standard scenes from the life of Christ in art. About chronological periods in the Islamic world. Introduction to Islam.

Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. He was a religious teacher, and his work began in the north of India. The dates for his birth and death have been subject to discussion as they are not certain. Different researchers have indicated different dates, but they all range at around the mid BCE. Information that concerns and illustrates the life of Buddha is mainly contained in his writings and texts.

The Buddha had monks who were his followers, and during his life he spent time with the monks conversing and reviewing his knowledge on spirituality. Each monk was given a portion of the research work to establish it in his own wordings, and this was a successful ordeal.